How will the City pay for this project?

    Federal funding from the Department of Transportation through the NYS Region 8 offices will cover more than half of the cost. The federal share is $883,000 and will be matched locally with $517,000 from bonding.

    What does mill and overlay mean?

    It's a form of street maintenance with two major steps: 1) milling the street and 2) laying new asphalt (overlay).

    What are swales?

    A shady spot, or a sunken or marshy place. In particular, in US usage, it's a shallow channel with gently sloping sides. Such a swale may be either natural or man-made. Artificial swales are often infiltration basins, designed to manage water runoff, filter pollutants, and increase rainwater infiltration. 

    What's a culvert?

    A culvert is a structure that allows water to flow under a road, railroad, trail, or similar obstruction from one side to the other. Typically embedded so as to be surrounded by soil, a culvert may be made from a pipe, reinforced concrete or other material.

    What does right-of-way acquisition mean?

    In civil engineering, this term refers to acquiring private land for project use by providing monetary compensation for the value of the property.